A panel of experts met at WHO Geneva this week to prioritise the top five to ten emerging pathogens likely to cause severe outbreaks in the near future, and for which few or no medical countermeasures exist.
These diseases are a blueprint for R&D preparedness to help control potential future outbreaks.
The initial list, to be reviewed annually, comprises:
- Crimean Congo haemorrhagic fever,
- Ebola virus disease
- Lassa fever
- Rift Valley fever.
Other diseases with epidemic potential – such as HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, Malaria,Avian influenza and Dengue – were not included in the list because there are major disease control and research networks for these infections, and an existing pipeline for improved interventions.